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History of polo in Iran

History of polo in Iran

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The beginning and origin of this sport belong to ancient times, according to historical documents, this sport dates back to 525 BC. 

Isfahan, with its magnificent history, was a big holder of polo. Historical house accommodations in Iran, such as the Kianpour boutique hotel in Iran, are close to Iran's biggest and most famous polo ground.

Polo is one of the ancient Iranian sports that has become a world sport nowadays. This sport is known as the game of kings due to its popularity among kings and nobles. The name polo is derived from the name of the wood used in it. This game was originally a military title where there were more wars and battles. Iranian cavalry showed the talent of their war horses.




Today, more than 77 countries host polo competitions and special programs. polo is also one of the sports that was played as a sport in the World Olympic Games from 1900 to 1939 and it is now recognized as one of the world sports by the International Olympic Committee, but this sport in its birthplace which is Iran is not very popular.

History of polo

This game was formed in Iran around 600 BC and was played during the Achaemenid era. Polo became popular in India during the reign of Darius I. It was also part of the game culture of the Sassanid era.

Rudaki is the first poet to talk about polo after Islam and Ferdowsi mention it many times. Ferdowsi arranges the polo in the story of Siavash and Afrasiab. Saadi, Hafez, Naser Khosrow, and Rumi have also mentioned polo in their poetry.

After the invasion of the Mongols to Iran and when they became acquainted with Iranian culture and art, the Mongols also learned to play polo and spread it throughout their vast empire. This is why East Asian countries tend to play polo. This era is mentioned as the most serious moment of polo departure from Iran.

Polo flourished during the Safavid era.

Historical documents show that Shah Abbas played polo and even he played polo in Qazvin, the second capital of Iran. In Isfahan, Naqshe- Jahan Square was also built for polo. The Europeans became acquainted with the game during the Safavid era and their colonization in India, and English officers also learned polo professionally at the Calcutta Club and took it with them to England. Later, sports such as golf and hockey were developed, and the categories used in these games go back to the same polo stick. In 1860 polo became popular in England. Then the game goes to South America and becomes very popular, as polo is now played more in South America than anywhere else in the world and has many fans.

This sport was gradually forgotten in Iran after the Safavids. Of course, in the Pahlavi era, in connection with the Europeans, polo was considered again, but it did not become as popular as in the past. Today, we try to pay more attention to this sport. Steps have also been taken to establish indoor facilities for women.

Polo has not been unmotivated and it is quite a strategy game that requires preparation of the rider and the horse together. Riders and horses practiced polo. When the horse is in front of an obstacle, it escapes, but the polo horse goes to the obstacle and puts itself in a position where the rider is playing polo. A horse that adapts itself to the conditions of open polo on the field is easily present on the battlefield.



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