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Atashgah

Atashgah

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Atashgah is one of the most beautiful and prestigious areas of Isfahan. At first this street was named after Atashgah because of Mount Atashgah, which was the Zoroastrian residence center of Isfahan. The original people of the area are very diligent in preserving this beautiful religious monument.

Mount Atashgah is located on the seventh kilometer of Atashgah Street west of Isfahan after the Monarjonban monument. 

The height of this mountain is about one thousand and seven hundred meters above sea. During the Sassanid era a fire station was erected on the summit of this beautiful mountain. One of the few monuments left from the pre-Islamic era, it has a strategic fortress, water storage, a treasury and some special features. There are some famous and important old neighborhoods of Isfahan that are still alive on this street from before Islam also there are many old houses in Isfahan and some traditional houses in Isfahan that you can find. However, lack of architecture knowledge has made some problems for them. Kianpour boutique hotel in Isfahan is an old house in Iran that was restored properly and now it serves you as house accommodation residence in Isfahan. Karladan neighborhood which means merchants and prominent families lived in this area is one of the examples around this mountain. Others are Isbijoon, Kafsheroon, Gondehroon, Qoroq, kohn, KermaKeleche, ancient Sahara, Nasrabad, Azadan.

The texture and architecture of Isfahan Atashgah Mountain

The structural texture of this collection is of clayey layers. The middle of the two rows of brick was also a thin layer (brought from the river) to add to its strength. The large, clay-like foundations begin almost from the middle of the hillside, and at the top become sturdy, reliable columns with rooms in the past. In some places there are remains of regular stairs carved on the rocks that have continued upwards but are now extinct.

 At the top of the hill is a circular masonry that can be described as the architectural endpoint of the building. On the hill, no other tall building were built. This room has eight corners and has a window facing each corner. Zoroastrian prophets are said to have placed the sacred fire inside this room.

Isfahan Mount Atashgah Reconstruction

The complex has rooms and buildings on four hills that extend down to the fire chamber, and of course only the north and the eastern part of the building now remain intact and appear to have been rebuilt during the Pahlavi era. On some of the bricks used in the structures of the northern part, we can see the number 1352 embedded in the bricks.

 

Evaluation of experts on Isfahan Atashgah Mount 

André Godard in 1938, in a collection named "works of Iran" dedicated to the building of fires, gives a brief but principled speech about Isfahan fire stations. Maxim Cirro then conducts detailed surveys at the fire station in the early 1960s, and for the first time delivers the correct architectural drawings. Shortly thereafter, Claus Shipp Man, attending the fire station, studied it closely and published his report in a book on Iranian monuments in German.

Iranians first mention Rashid Shahmardan in the Zoroastrian temple book, while listing and describing most of the Iranian fireworks, reporting that a group pf people refuge in the late fifth century AH in this temple.

Alireza Jafari Zand published a series of reports and reviews on Isfahan before Islam in a book with the same name. The book focuses on the religious use of the Atashgah, citing the results of a carbon-dipping test, the Atashgah is considered an Elamite temple, which later becomes a Mehr Temple.

Present situation of Isfahan Atashgah Mountain

Isfahan Fire Station was registered in the Iranian National Heritage List in 1330 with No. 380. The building was thoroughly refurbished in the 1980s, and in the early 1990s the doors of the building were closed and completely camouflaged to prevent damage and demolition, and today just a few people know where to enter these halls.

Today, because this monument is being destroyed over time, government is trying to protect it and by fencing around it has avoid unnecessarily entering to the place. Ultimately they are trying to save it well today to appreciate this monument.

Due to the popularity of this monument and that the many visits has made to this old temple, many upscale restaurants are built around this mount. Tourists can go to their favorite restaurant after visiting Mount Atashgah. You are recommended to visit beautiful city of Isfahan, besides the famous sightseeing of this city, such as Si-o-se pol, Khajoo Bridge, Monarjonban of Isfahan and so on. In order to get to Atashgah from Kianpour boutique hotel in Isfahan, you can use public transportation such as bus, taxi etc.

 

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