Pirbakran Tomb

Pirbakran Tomb

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From past time, the tombs and burial places of mystics, like the bright stars in the sky, shines, and people used to visit the tombs of the mystics and scientists. These tombs are considered to be an exquisite monument that worth visiting for any cultural and religious tourist.

Mohammed bin Bakrani was one of the famous scholars and mystics from seventh century, who died at the beginning of the eighth century in the reign of Al-Jaito from Ilkhani era. He was buried in the "Tomb of Pirbakran". Which was his teaching place before his death. Pirbakaran tomb is an old monument that is located in Pirbakaran city of Felavarjan in Isfahan. Some experts believe that the monument is reminiscent of the Sassanid architectural vault due to its tall arch.

The shrine consists of 4 porches, a tomb and a chamber room. The official representative of the cultural heritage, handicrafts and tourism of the city of Felavarjan, referring to the historical background of this monk's tomb mentioned: This place used to be the home, school and the place for praying belonged to "Muhammad ibn Bekran", the great Iranian mystics in the seventh and eighth century. He lived in a stall room that was really small, he lived and taught outdoors usually on the porches, after a while his name and reputation increased and the wonders of Mohammed bin Bakran were heard by the rulers of that time. After his death, a three-story building called the Tomb of Pirbakran were made to show respect to him.

Hafiz Karimian stated that the construction of the monument began around 670 AH, adding: One of the prominent features of this monument is that brick and stone were used in the construction of the monument, and the first two floors were built by stone and third floor were built by bricks. The third floor was built using mug bricks, although in Isfahan, bricks were used in the construction of all parts of buildings and not the upper floors only.

He pointed to the existence of inscriptions regarding the training of many students by Muhammad ibn Bakran and said: "The monuments’ building is about 20 meters high in Iran. It is unique in building monuments of all Iranian architectural materials including clay, Stone, brick, and wood in that time. The main architectural materials of Iran, have been used to build this monument. However, it should be noted that there is less building in Iran, which, the third floor were built by bricks.

To enter the tomb, you must pass through the porch, which is actually the entrance to the courtyard of the monument. This roofed porch has many tile decorations, including a patio or porch where you can see the tall arch of the porch. Around This porch is protected and closed from the north, east and west, surrounded by Kufic walls, with foliage, flowers, and plaster bushes. These types of decoration is also used to build traditional hotels in Iran.

On the south side of the exquisite altar with ten meters high; there are a variety of ornamental and plant motifs and inscriptions on which contains the basic verses of holy Quran. The lower part of the altar has been destroyed. Karimian about the disappearance of motifs on the lower part of the altar said: the building was not protected until 1310 AH and religious ceremonies were performed in this place; it is said that people used to cook charity food next to the altar and this caused the motifs of the lower part of the altar to be destroyed.

 

The upper part of the altar is actually an open space to the south of the courtyard. This design has prevented the interior part from being exposed to adverse weather conditions, wind and rain, birds, etc., a temporary protection by metal scaffolding and wooden roof were designed to avoid direct rain or any damage to the altar.

There are beautiful porches around the courtyard; the inscriptions above it are unique. One of the porches has a small tiled altar, and another porch has been used as a place for the teaching by Muhammad ibn Bakran. The Solce-line is plastered with flower and leaf background.

Next to the porch is a rock that has a dent, the cultural heritage, handicrafts and tourism of the city of Felavarjan said: This stone is said to have the footprint of the horse of Elias. Because of that people of this area has not moved it due to its sanctity and also the eastern wall of the monument has been built on it.

Besides of all the beauties of the courtyard, there is an enclosed chamber in the northern part called the tomb of Mohammed bin Bakrani. 

There is a green cloth on the tomb of Muhammad Bakran, according to the official representative of the Felavarjan cultural heritage; this cloth is thrown by the people on the grave, next to the tomb of Mohammad Bakran on a smaller scale you can see another grave, which is said belongs to one of the students of Muhammad ibn Bakran. Furthermore, some experts believe that the tomb is thought to belong to the wife of Pir-Bakran, because the tomb is anonymous and smallerer than Pir-Bakran’s tombstone.

This monument is 32 km away from our historic house accommodation in Isfahan. You can call for a cab, take bus or use other types of public transportation in order to get to Pirbakran from kianpour boutique hotel in Isfahan.

 

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