Shah Ali Historical Bath

Shah Ali Historical Bath

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The bath of Shah Ali were built in the Safavi era and it is located in Abdul Razzaq Street, Jamaleh neighborhood in Esfahan. This monument was registered on August 11, 1997 with registration number 1904 as one of the national monuments of Iran.

Haj Mahmood Shah Ali was born in 1305, a former heir to the Shah Ali bath. His father was Haj Mahmood, Haj Abbas Shah Ali, the owner of the Shah Ali bath in Isfahan. Bath fee in the 1920s were five riyals per person, which people after taking would pay for it. Sarbineh and the incubator were the main parts of the Shah Ali bath.

Isfahan has had more than 270 baths which more than 80 baths are left nowadays and only 10 baths have retained for usage, there aren’t enough on them to accommodate tourists as luxury accommodations in Isfahan; one of the historic baths that has been nationally registered is Shah Ali Hammam. Some of traditional houses in Isfahan still are close to the approximate of public bathes.

Tile work was a prominent art in Isfahan; and in Shah Ali bath, mosaic tile, hexagonal tile and brick tile were used which both insulated surfaces and created a pleasing and scenic atmosphere, in addition to floral and animal designs. Tiling is common, and in the Shah Ali bath tile is also used for decorating in human motifs.

The ceilings of the king-sized bathrooms were flat and had light fixtures so that the bath could stay lit naturally. "In the construction of the Shah Ali bath, bricks, stones and marble are used to withstand water". The feature of this bath compared to other baths is that the rest of the baths were built in the ditch because of their water and other issues and had a dome roof, but the Shah Ali bath was not built in the ditch, it was built on flat floor and also the roof is flat.

Thorns and shrubs and leaves of trees collected from the deserts and villages around Isfahan to this bath’s firewood as fuel which were used to heat up the bath. These fuels were burned under the bath furnace.


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