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Iranian art history

Iranian visual arts courses

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Iranian art has a rich history. If you want to check it out and touch these ancient arts; all you need to do is visit Iran and stay in a historical hotel in Iran such as the Kianpour boutique hotel in Isfahan.

 Iranian visual arts courses are summarized as follows.
Achaemenid 550-350 BC:
Valuable works in architecture and other arts were created during the Achaemenid era. The Achaemenid rule ended after the occupation of Iran by Alexander the Great.
    Seleucids, Parthians (312-91 BC):
The first Seljuks established the Seleucid kingdom After the defeat of the Seleucids, Farhad II (129 BC) established the Parthian Empire, which lasted until 224 AD.
    Sassanids 642 - 224 AD:
Many valuable and various works have been left from this era, which has a special place in the history of Iranian art. The extinction of the last Sassanid king (Yazdgerd III) by the Arab invasion was the end of this era and the beginning of a new history for Iran.
    Early Islam (1000- 651 AD):
The story of art in the years of the Islamic era is remarkable. After other historical periods, Islamic art reached its peak:
These years are:
    Seljuk era 1157 - 1000 AD
    Age of the Mongols 1502 - 1370
    Safavid era 1772 -1491
    And the new period from 1772 to the present

Outstanding Iranian Arts
The oldest known example of a Persian rug is a rug with original Achaemenid motifs found in the icy tomb of one of the Scythian rulers in the Pazyryk Valley, 80 km from outer Mongolia, and is called the Pazyryk Rug. Researchers consider this rug to be woven from Parthians or Medes. Iranian carpets have been famous and used for a long time. The Greek historian Xenophon writes in the book of the character of Cyrus: "The Iranians spread the rug under their bed to keep their bed soft.
Iranian painting
Iranian painting, which is also called miniature, includes works from different eras of Iranian history, which are mostly illustrated in the form of literary books (Vargheh and Golshah, Kelileh and Demneh, Samak Ayar, etc.), scientific and technical (Al-Tariq, Al-Adaviyeh Al-Mufredeh, Al-Aghani, and more), historical (comprehensive history, etc.), as well as some religious books, such as Khavaran Nameh.
pottery and ceramics
Iranian pottery has a long history in Iran. Pottery is one of the first and most important man-made inventions. It is one of the most important artistic manifestations for historians and archaeologists. Archaeologists become acquainted with the social and economic conditions of a period or region through pottery. By studying pottery about life, they interpret the religion of the people and the history of social relations, and the attitude of the society towards its neighbors.
Pottery making in Iran has a long and brilliant history. Due to the special geographical location of Iran, which is located at the crossroads of ancient civilizations and on the routes of important caravans, in almost every part of Iran, they have been involved in pottery construction at different times. However, recent excavations and archaeological research have shown that there are four major areas in the production of pottery on the Iranian plateau, including the Naskhat section, including the west of the Zakres Mountains, and the Lorestan region. Includes. These two regions were the first areas on the Iranian plateau to start pottery. The third part includes the northwest of the country and the regions of Azerbaijan. The fourth part is in the southeast, which includes the provinces of Kerman and Sistan, and Baluchestan. In addition, 4 desert regions of Iran can be added to it. It dates back to 8 millennia BC.
Traditional Iranian music, including instruments, melodies, and songs, has been passed down through the Iranian people from thousands of years BC to the present day, and what was more pleasant, simpler, and more comprehensible is available today, a large part of Central Asia. , Afghanistan, Pakistan, the Republic of Azerbaijan, Armenia, Turkey, and Greece are influenced by this music, and each of them has contributed to the formation of this music. "

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