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Isfahan tile work

Isfahan tile work

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Tile is one of the important symbols and prominent decorative elements in the architecture of Iranian buildings.

  The art of tiling in the land of ancient Iran has a long history. According to archaeologists, tile is historically the fifth most basic method of decorating traditional buildings. This industry, which is the result of the skill, taste, and ingenuity of tile makers by using and combining different colors or putting small pieces of colored stones together in different and harmonious forms of decorations, has a developmental course in Iranian architecture. if you stay in a historic hotel in Iran, you can enjoy this beautiful art. This work has led to the stabilization of various species historically, formally, and structurally. The history of tile production in Iran dates back to thousands of years ago and it was almost at the same time as tile making. Tiles and pottery have been used for hygiene and cleanliness and of course beauty since ancient times and it has been common in Iran. In the Sassanid era, the art and craft of the Achaemenid era continued like other art disciplines, and the simultaneous making of Achaemenid tiles in the same way and with thicker glazes became common.

Iranian Tile

The history of tiles (glazed bricks) and decorative arts in Iran dates back to prehistoric times. Tiling has a special place among the decorative arts in Iranian architecture. Decorative arts can be divided into carvings, brickwork, plastering, and tiling. Complex methods of production, design, and type of materials used in each of these 4 methods have been influenced by natural, economic, and political factors. Examples of mosaics have played an important role in the evolution of tiling. Various buildings have used examples of mosaics and colored stones and tiles with triangular, semicircular, and circular shapes. These specimens later evolved into the design of natural elements such as trees, plants, animals, and humans. The first examples of mosaic work are related to the temple columns in Mesopotamia and date back to the second half of BC. In this building, colored stones are decorated with oyster and ivory decorations and geometric patterns can be seen in them. These initial mosaics were the basis of later tiles. The first examples of tiling that were considered as an evolution in this art were found in places such as the palaces of Ashura and Babylon at the same time. The most famous example of the tiling is the example of a mosaic found in Malik's discoveries.

Tile industry in Isfahan

During the Safavid era, Shah Abbas made Isfahan his capital and tried to complete and develop it; At the same time, the art of architecture flourished during this period and many buildings such as mosques, tombs, bridges, and palaces were built, which are still standing after several centuries. During the Safavid era, Shah Abbas made Isfahan his capital and tried to complete and develop it; meanwhile, the art of architecture flourished during this time and many buildings were built, including mosques, tombs, bridges, and palaces, which are still standing after several centuries. Of course, because Shah Abbas wanted to build Isfahan quickly; it did not have the fortifications that had been observed in the Seljuk era, but the skill of Iranian architects made this building survive today.

Of course, the Safavids inherited the brilliant art of the Timurid court in many artistic fields. Usually in Iran, the royal family and members of the upper classes of society applied for works of art, thus providing the grounds for its flourishing and also aroused the enthusiasm of artists and with their support often determined the type of art and the type of objects produced. Although works of art of the Safavid era can be found throughout Iran, Isfahan can be considered the embodiment of works of art of the Safavid dynasty. The change of the capital of Iran from Qazvin to Isfahan by Shah Abbas I and the geographical location of the city allowed Isfahan to expand and build many artistic masterpieces in it. The encouragement of artists by the Shah and the economic prosperity and political security of Shah Abbas I were other reasons for this expansion and development. Kianpour boutique hotel is located in Isfahan near Naqsh-e-Jahan square, which is full of tile working.

It is worth considering that the architectural works of Safavid Iran should be found more in religious buildings and the Shah Mosque of Isfahan located in Naqsh-e-Jahan Square is considered as a symbol of it. Among these buildings, in which the art of tiling has also been used, we can mention Harun Velayat, Ali Mosque, Qutbiya Mosque, Darb Jubara Mosque, and finally the tomb of Khajeh Shah Hassan and the tomb of Shah Zayd. In the Safavid era, seven-color tiles were widely used in the palaces of Isfahan, and the installation of rectangular tiles inside large frames created original landscapes with various sculptural elements and characters. we have to say; The art of Turkish tiling was greatly influenced by Iranian traditions; So that in the ninth century AH (until 875 AH) Tabrizi artists were motivated to work in Turkey. Accordingly, tiling in the Safavid era had reached the highest degree of prestige; Because in this time, more than other times, the exterior of buildings and structures were decorated with tiles.

Tiling in architecture is remarkable in various technical and stylistic aspects in the Safavid era. Using the experiences of their past, especially the Seljuk and Timurid era, the artists of this era, with the innovations they made, were able to invent indicators in this field that have made the art of tiling this period different from the previous period; It is based on the fact that paying attention to the characteristics of this industry and studying the evolution of this art, while identifying the history and civilization of Iran, can help in the contemporary development of this industry, which is still active.

 

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