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History of tiling art in Iran

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The beautiful art of tiling is one of the handicrafts and ancient arts of Iran

The most beautiful and oldest of which are the turquoise tiles of Isfahan and the historical inscriptions of the minarets of the Seljuk era are decorated with them. You can visit these beautiful arts only by staying in a historical hotel in Iran like the Kianpour boutique hotel in Isfahan. The eighth-century AH is a period when this beautiful art was widely used to decorate buildings and continued until the end of the twelfth century AH (Safavid extinction).




Gradually, the use of tiles with floral and plant motifs, especially the type of clay and seven colors that were for mosques, reached the houses, and Isfahani tile masters went beyond flowers, shrubs, and geometric shapes, and the role of various animals and birds in Palaces and houses became common, the art of tiling was still used by Isfahani artists so that it was used in most buildings.

Nowadays, tiling is one of the handicrafts of Isfahan and the masters of this art such as the late Mossadeghzadeh and Agha Hossein Mossadeghzadeh, and several tiling workshops are engaged in the production of these artistic products.

The people of Isfahan, who have one of the most visible arts in historical monuments left from different eras, consider the art of Islamic tiling, especially seven-color tiles, and believe that the colors used in the art of tiling are each a sign of a specific era of history. These tiles have not changed color and their color is still lasting.

The paints used in the old tiles have high resistance because they are a combination of lead and tin, so that after centuries of life, these paints still retain their special beauty, while in the new paints. Imported, changes color very quickly, and does not have the durability and stability of old colors.

With these descriptions and fame of this art, today scientists and mathematicians believe that the art of Islamic tiling is related to mathematics and is related to each other as it is closely related to music. At the 6th Isfahan Mathematics House Festival, Dr. Gholam-Ali Haddad Adel, Speaker of the Islamic Consultative Assembly, pointed out a sensitive and important point and announced: The Netherlands has set a day for 40,000 students to get acquainted with Islamic tiling so that they can Be especially familiar with mathematics. He lamented our country's neglect of this Islamic art and huge capital, emphasizing the familiarity of people, especially the young generation with Islamic tiling.


Considering the antiquity of this original Iranian art, the world is fascinated by its beauty. To promote it and wake up from neglect and care to give importance to tiling, the government has expressed an excerpt in the history and principles of this art.




The art of tiling has a very long history and its power dates back to the second millennium BC. In the beginning, this art was mostly used with glazed bricks for the strength of the building and decoration, but gradually it was also used in the appearance of the building and decoration, so that pre-Islamic tiling was also highly regarded in Iran.

Of course, mostly monochrome tiles and possibly several simple colors were used, which were accompanied by a little decoration. But after Islam, this art took on a different form, and since in verses from the Holy Qur'an it refers to mathematics and geometry: globes that were designed symmetrically in the field and geometric patterns that Iranian Muslim architects in this art used to show its beauty more than before.

In the Islamic era, the art of tiling was mostly used in the construction of mosques and schools, and this provided an opportunity for the verses of the Qur'an and the hadiths of the Prophet and the narrations of the Imams to adorn this art. This art has been done in different Islamic periods and eras with mathematical teachings by the method of transferring breast to breast and also in a scientific way.

The movements of the lines and the rules of a field and a knot in historical house accommodations in Isfahan, in various forms and shapes according to the special combinations of the principles of a Chinese knot, originated from mathematical formulas in this art that can be seen today in important Islamic tile buildings.

In the present era, although the Isfahan House of Mathematics has considered this issue by holding a workshop and is considered as one of the pioneers of the Islamic tiling art in the country, it is not enough and demands that universities and educational centers re-upgrade this provide art and create suitable conditions for students so that by knowing the principle of art and style of tiling, this art can come to life with internal raw materials and this period of eras will leave a memory in this field to judge the future.



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