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Naqsh-e Jahan Square

History of Naqsh-e Jahan Square

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During the Timurid era, Naqsh-e Jahan Square was built. This area was developed and expanded during the reign of Shah Abbas I and became in its current form.


Most of the buildings around this square were built during the same era. Kianpour historic hotel in Isfahan is among the few houses that survived the Qajar era and now accept guests and tourists in Isfahan near Naqsh-e Jahan Square. After the transfer of the country's capital from Isfahan to Shiraz, the importance of Naqsh-e Jahan Square became more historic rather than politic.

Kianpour-house hotel in Iran is close approximate to Naqsh-e Jahan Square, which is less than 2 km. you can easily walk to Naqsh-e Jahan Square from the Kianpour boutique hotel and observes its magic. Naqsh-e Jahan Square is the most important monument of Isfahan. 

More about Naqsh-e Jahan Square

The Naqsh-e Jahan Square and the buildings around it were mostly destroyed during the Qajar era, but with the Pahlavi government coming to power, all of the buildings around the square were completely repaired and rebuilt. To this day, the reconstruction and repair of this building are done continuously. Naqsh-e Jahan Square was built on a place where before that there was a large garden called Naqsh-e Jahan. The width of this square is 165 meters, its length is more than 500 meters and its area is about 85 thousand square meters.

The parade of the army, the game of polo, the holding of various rituals and celebrations and performances during the reign of Shah Abbas I and his successors were held in this place. Around this square, magnificent buildings such as Aali Qapu Palace, Sar-e-Qaisaria, Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque, and Abbasi Grand Mosque have been built, each of which is one of the glorious and magnifico architectures of the Safavid era.

Architects and artists of Naqsh-e Jahan Square

The hands of the artist and the creative thought of the powerful architects of our country, especially Sheikh Baha'i, Master Ali Akbar Isfahani, and Master Mohammad Reza Isfahani, the creator of this square and the surrounding buildings, including Aali Qapu Palace, Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque, Shah Mosque, and Saraye Qaisaria shaped this place.

Naqsh-e Jahan Square during the reign of Shah Abbas I.

During the reign of Shah Abbas I, before the construction of the current buildings, some official ceremonies such as the ancient celebration of Nowruz and the execution of those sentenced to death were held in Kushkak Square. The existing buildings have been considered during the reign of Shah Abbas I according to various historical sources related to the year 1011 AH.

However, from the beginning of Shah Abbas's rule, the square was opened to a larger extent than the former Kushkak Square, and fireworks and lighting ceremonies were held there. The map of this square was probably inspired by the map of Hassan Padshah Square in Tabriz. Two of the masters who designed the square in its current form were Professor Ali Akbar and Mohammad Reza Isfahani. The names of these two masters can be seen on the head of the Abbasi Grand Mosque and the altar of Sheikh Lotfollah Mosque.

During the construction of the square and after it and during the Safavid rule, Naqsh-e Jahan Square was active and dynamic, but during the reign of Shah Suleiman and Shah Sultan Hussein, the square was gradually prevented from being taken care of.

During the reign of Shah Sultan Hussein, the stagnation of waterways caused the last trees that Shah Abbas had planted with his own hands to dry up.

Naqsh-e Jahan Square is one of the most oppressed places in Iran!

Like other historical monuments in Isfahan, this square was unloved by the scholars of the Qajar era. During the turmoil in Iran from the Afghan invasion to the coming to power of the Qajar government, parts of the mansion were destroyed. During the reign of some local rulers, including Zol al-Sultan and Prince Sarem al-Dawlah, this complex went to the brink of destruction. In all respects, it was in dire need of reconstruction and restoration.


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