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history in Iran

How come a mountain has this much history in Iran?

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The structure of Shah Dej Castle reflects the pre-Islamic and Islamic design

 

The head of the archeological board of Shahdej Castle, stated: Shah Dej Castle was built in the Safa Mountains located in the southwest of Isfahan. The Shahdej Castle was built at the highest point of the Safa Mountains, a short distance from the summit. Which is mount Sofeh.

Fariba Saeedi Anaraki, pointing out that the area of Shah Dej Castle is about 45 hectares, said: Central Citadel, barracks, ancillary facilities related to the Central Citadel such as baths, blacksmithing and tanning workshops, warehouse and kitchen and cooking area, Shah Castle buildings is a fortress and other buildings such as reservoirs, reservoirs and dams, single reservoirs, watchtowers, and a large defensive wall have been built within the castle.

The archaeologist, while emphasizing that in historical sources such as "Raha Al-Sadr" Ravandi and "History of Jahangsha" Jovini, the sources of the Seljuk era from Shah Dej Castle and its history and events have been mentioned, stated: The central citadel and the north wall can be read overlooking the city of Isfahan and on the edge of the precipice. In addition to spatial design and separation of spaces based on use, it has been determined that the spaces have architectural decorations such as bedding and murals.

Saeedi said: Ravandi attributes the date of construction of this castle to the Seljuk emperor, but archaeological evidence suggests that the initial date of this castle belongs to the Sassanid era. He added: "After the siege and fall of the castle by Mohammad Shah Seljuki, historical sources have been silent about it and archaeological findings do not show any sign of survival."

Fariba Saeedi Anaraki said: "The only time period that is clearly mentioned in the historical sources of Shah Dej Castle is the Seljuk era, but based on archeological excavations, three historical periods including the Sassanid time, early Islamic centuries, and the Seljuk era were identified. Historical and archaeological findings After the fall of the castle by the troops of Mohammad Shah Seljuk has no trace of the survival of the castle that can be seen.

The head of the archeological board of Shahdej Castle added: "Shah Dej Castle has a layered structure that reflects the pre-Islamic and Islamic design of the city, which includes the central citadel of civilization and Rabz." It is also protected by several compact defensive layers of the central citadel, of which the great defensive wall, watchtowers, and two layers of fortifications are the outermost layer to the innermost layer.

He continued: The second chapter of excavation in Shahedj Castle focused on studying the two parts called the aristocracy, located in the south of the central citadel and the northern wall of the castle, called the observation post, and finally the two parts of the aristocracy and observation post were excavated. In addition, the spatial design and architecture of the castle, including the side rooms at the eastern end, the walls of the rooms of the central citadel, the watchtowers, and the western entrance of the central citadel were identified. Historical house accommodations in Iran are most famous for having different kinds of history that you can visit and stay in old hotels in Iran.

Dr. Saeedi considered the architecture of Shah Dej as a stone whose hardening has been done with carcass stone, soil mortar, plaster, and decoration with cut stones. He stated about the archeological objects in the second chapter of the excavation: Findings from this chapter It is very limited and only includes pieces of green, turquoise, eggplant, and glazed pottery, and unglazed pottery generally includes large pieces of utensils such as khumra and lauk, as well as functional utensils.

Shahedj Castle, in comparison with other castles on the top of the mountain, has many differences in terms of design, plan, material, and materials used in them, and has caused this castle to remain on top of the mountain to this day and has maintained its reputation. Archaeological excavations and restoration of this castle continue with the cooperation of Isfahan Cultural Heritage Organization and Isfahan Municipality.

 

 

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