Trip To Isfahan | Travel Guide

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pre-Islamic monument in the mountains of Sofe

An ancient architecture on Sefeh Mountain

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Sofeh mountain range with the highest altitude of 2257 meters is located in the southwest of Isfahan.


 This mountain leads from the north to the ring road from the west to Takht-e Rostam and Dareh Khan mountains from the east to towns and residential complexes and from the south to open lands and the railway. If you decide to visit Iran, make a time free to visit this historical site in Isfahan. Kianpour old hotel in Iran will arrange a taxi for you if you needed. From our historic house accommodation in Isfahan to the sofeh mountain you can take the bus, metro or other types of public transportations.

At the foot of Sofeh Mountain, there is a spring called "Darvish Spring" and two hundred meters above it is "Yellow Flower Spring". Sofeh Mountain leads from the place of Darvish spring, where the mountain rock is separated from the soil and is considered as the mountain slope, to the west, to a flat rocky space, which is why the mountain is called "Sofeh". Previously, four arches had been built in this place, which has been refined by water springs and sycamore trees. There was also a large Sangab near it, whose cold water was supplied from the snows of the peak.

Above this place, by passing a few mazes, the top of the mountain is plotted. On the left side of the mountain, there is a series of small and large hills called Hezar Dareh, through which the Shiraz Road passes. These hills have red soil that is used to decorate and paint buildings. To the east of these hills are the mountains of Kolah Ghazi. Shah Kooh is located on the west side of Sofeh mountain and then Lenjan block begins. All of these beautiful mountains are in Isfahan and you can visit them easily by booking a room at Kianpour house guest in Iran.

On the high slopes of Mount Safa, there were forts whose walls were generally made of stone and they are very strong. They were used for defense. The most important of them was known as the "Castle of the Demon", the ruins of which still remain. To the west of the foothills of Sofeh Mountain, there was another castle mansion that was built with large bricks on the sides of half a meter and was known as Takht-e Rostam. Because according to popular belief, the war between Alexander and Dara took place there. But some experts consider it a fireplace. The peak of Sofeh Mountain is 590 meters above the ground.

Sofeh Mountain in ancient times

The method of construction and architecture of Kuh-e-Sofeh castle is similar to other castles of the Sassanid era. The presence of rock cavities around Mount Sofeh is reminiscent of the Zoroastrian "masters" (bone grains) found in many ancient areas of Iran.

Shahedj Castle, a pre-Islamic monument in the mountains of Sofeh

One of the most obvious natural features of Isfahan is the heights in the south of the city called "Sofeh Mountain", on top of which there is a huge castle called Shah Dej (Shah Dej) with a history of 1500 years.

The castle is 1500 years old and was once a treasury, armory, and perhaps an observatory. The fortress of this fort, which was formerly called Dezkuh, is mostly due to the activity of the Shiite Ismailis in the fifth and sixth centuries AH in this place. The Shiite Ismailis, led by Hassan Sabah, had strong and inaccessible fortresses throughout Iran and were never compatible with the government of the time. Shah Dej was one of these forts where the successor of Hassan Sabah, Ahmad ibn Atash, was stationed. This fort was destroyed in 500 AH by Sultan Mohammad Seljuki, the king's son.


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