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The Impact of Islam on Iranian Architecture

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Let’s see how Islam changed Iranian architecture of house guests in Iran and family houses or main buildings in Iran

 Before addressing the main topic of discussion, it is necessary to have a correct definition of the concept of "Islamic art".  Let’s see how Islam changed Iranian architecture of house guests in Iran and family houses or main buildings in Iran.

What is Islamic art?

To get the correct answer to this question, we first must consider various significances.

1- Islamic art means the kind of art that is inspired by the teachings of Islam and it is in the direction of its religious goals, and in fact, they can be searched in the Qur'an and the words of the religious imams.

2- Islamic art means; the kinds of art that do not contradict the beliefs of Islam, in the sense that arts should not set in contrast to Islam's benefits. Islam may not recommend learning and using a particular art, but it has prevented its followers from engaging in certain types of art. In this sense, Islamic art becomes the art that is not different from other arts, except that in the interest of Islam, parts of it have been removed and adorned in some way.

3- Islamic art means the art of Muslims. That is, when we say Islamic art, we do not mean a particular type of art that is different from other types of art, and we simply mean Muslim art throughout history. In traditional Islamic house guests, you can see these types of art. The benefit of this division can be to prove that Muslims were not a separate group from others and that Islam was not alien to art.

4- Islamic art means the art of Muslims, but with the difference with the third case, which in this definition of Muslim art is not indifferent to other types of art and artists. That is, Muslims have made fundamental changes in art in accordance with their Islamic worldview and philosophy, and Islamic art is not just the censored art of others or harmless art for the teaching of religion or the mere imitation of Muslim art by others. Many mosques and Islamic old hotels in Iran are full of these arts.

A complete judgment of these definitions requires more comprehensive research, but here we will only state a position on the subject of the article. This one is about the fourth option, because some believe that Islamic research excludes the first case, and in other cases, Islamic art is not original, and relying on it seems to be only due to religious prejudices and not lagging behind others.

To refer to the architecture of Iran in the pre-Islamic era, the following items can be enumerated:

Ancient Ilam architecture: The architecture of this era is mainly the architecture of temples. Ziggurat Choghaznabil is the most famous and important work of Elamite architecture, which is also known as the oldest architectural work of Iran.

Median architecture: Median architecture can be divided into two groups: rocky and ordinary. Rock architecture uses natural materials and houses and tombs are examples. Examples of typical Median architecture include Noshijan Malayer Hill, Godin Hill, Babakhan Hill, and Hegmataneh Hill.

Achaemenid architecture: Most of the royal palaces are buildings left from this era, of which it is sufficient to mention Persepolis.

Most of the architecture of post-Islamic Iran belongs to the Safavid era and mentioning other suitable cases is historical and complete research. Isfahan is full of beautiful art which you can enjoy in a house accommodation in Iran, like Kianpour boutique hotel.

 

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