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magical architecture

How Iranian old architecture was built around nature?

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There are many benefits of using renewable energy sources. Iranian architecture has been benefited from nature.

In this article, we will talk about different parts of an old Iranian house accommodation which was designed to save more energy. For example, Kianpour historical house accommodation in Iran has different rooms for winter and summer. Isn’t it fascinating?

Ivan (porch) 

Porches are a beautiful height in Iranian architecture. Porches were meeting places that were mostly built on the outer walls of houses. You can sit for hours on the high porches and watch the other beauties of Iranian architecture and relax. Porches can be seen in all historic houses of Iran.


Shelves are two small but lovely elements in Iranian architecture. All Iranians love them. They can be found in all Iranian houses. Sometimes we fill the shelves with photos of our loved ones and sometimes we decorate them with beautiful vases. The shelves of the old houses in Isfahan were reminiscent of watermelons, which remained in the winter until dawn, and it was really enjoyable to eat watermelons in periodic ceremonies and under warm chairs. The title of the decor was designed beautifully. But whatever it is, we know that these small elements (ledges and shelves) have an effect on the beauty of the decoration of old houses. If you go to the Kianpour house in Iran, be sure to see them up close and enjoy.



Badger (Windcatcher)

The use of windbreaks has been common in Iran since ancient times. Windbreaks have been built in different forms in the central and southern cities of Iran, each of which has been designed and implemented according to the desired height and wind direction and are elements and symbols of Iranian architecture.

The 3,000-year-old windmills of Yazd and Isfahan, which are one of the ancient monuments with Iranian architecture and spectacular in this city, are more than 200 years old and their design is such that they are installed on the highest part of the roofs of houses, reservoirs, and mosques. Old warm clement cities are usually four-sided and have several holes on each side and inside they are made of blades and walls of wood and clay.

Windshield workmanship

Before the invention of air conditioners and their expansion in different cities, windbreaks were used as an air-cooling system, and still, their effects and remnants can be seen in the hot and humid climate of the southern regions and the hot and dry climate of the central regions of the country.

The way the windbreak works is that it takes the desired wind and directs it into the rooms of the building through walls and brick and wooden blades on all four sides and cools it there.

Some wind deflectors cool the inside of the building only by moving air, such as cities with hot and humid air, and in central areas with hot and dry air, such as the city of Yazd, the movement of air in its buildings is done by evaporation. In this way, an artificial pond is placed inside the building and under the windbreak, and the wind flow passes through the small pool of water after entering the building, and after colliding with the water, evaporation takes place. Prior to the advent of electric refrigerators, many homes kept food in a windbreak to keep it cool to prevent spoilage. If you decide to visit these historical cities in Iran, be sure to see the windmills of Isfahan and Yazd, which are manifestations of Iranian architecture, and get acquainted with how it works.


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