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Zayanderood

Zayanderood

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A magical river you must visit in Iran

Isfahan is the most famous city in Iran. Because of its history, and fantastic environment; Isfahan has been the capital of Iran for most of its history. In this city, a magical river, called Zayenderood, is giving life to its surrounding areas.

 To visit Zayanderood, you should go to Isfahan. The hospitality and hotels in Isfahan are one of their kind. For example, the Kianpour boutique hotel in Isfahan will host you as best as it can. The only thing you need to do is to book a room in the best hotel in Iran, and, Kianpour historical house accommodation will accept you. Now let’s talk more about Zayanderood.

Zayandehrood has several different sources, the main part of the source of Zayandehrood is Koohrang in Chahar Mahal Bakhtiari, then Plasjan rivers, and several seasonal rivers in Fereydunshahr and such have been added to this river. The last permanent rivers which merge with Zayandehrood are the Miriz River and the Murghab River.

 

Most of the running water in Zayandehrood enters Isfahan province. Many measures have been taken to transfer Koohrang water to Isfahan, including the first tunnel in the Koohrang region.

 

This tunnel was created to transfer the water of Koohrang spring and other sources of Karun River to Zayandehrood in 1332 in the Koohrang region, where now the tourist city of Chelgard, the center of Koohrang city, is located. Efforts to transfer Karun water to Zayandehrood go back a long way. In 954 AH, Shah Tahmasb I entrusted the mission of joining these two rivers to Mir Fazlullah Shahrestani, the ruler of Isfahan.

 

This was to be done by digging a path in the staff mountain; however, this work was not completed due to development problems. During the Safavid period of Shah Abbas Kabir in 987 AH, Mir Jahangir Khan Astaraki, son of Tajmir Khan Astaraki, who was the ruler of Bakhtiari, ordered the annexation of Karun water to Zayandehrood. It is now known as Staff and the foundations of the dam that was built on the Koohrang River. Anyway, with the death of Shah Abbas, this plan remained unfinished.

 

The first studies for the transfer of water from the Birgan River to Zayandehrood date back to the years after World War II. As a result of these studies, the design and construction of the first Koohrang diversion dam and tunnel were commissioned by Alexander Gip Consulting Engineers, and construction of the Koohrang Tunnel began in October 1958. And in September 1963, it was put into operation. This system, including a dam and a 2900-meter tunnel, transfers an average of about 255 million cubic meters of water to the Zayandehrood River annually.

 

The second tunnel was opened in the same area after the Islamic Revolution of Iran in 2004; Therefore, about 50% of the current water of Zayandehrood is supplied from Karun springs.

 

A third tunnel is also under construction, which has not been reopened after 20 years due to local opposition. From this river, to irrigate the gardens, mansions, and inland fields of Isfahan, five large branches have been separated, which are called “Madi” in the dialect of locals of Isfahan. After passing the coastal city of Chadegan, Zayandehrood flows into Gavkhoni Wetland after Varzaneh city at the end of its route.

 

There are several historical bridges on the Zayandehrood River from the Safavid era and before that. The first historical bridge on Zayandehrood is the bridge of Oregan village of Chadegan city, 40 km after Zayandehrood dam to the east. In Chaharmahal Bakhtiari province, Zaman Khan bridge, and in Isfahan province, the famous historical bridges of Si-o-se pol or Allah Verdi Khan bridge, Khajoo bridge, and Ajieh and Varzaneh bridges have been built. The oldest bridge built on the Zayandehrood River is the "Shahrestan Bridge"

 

Naming:

The main reason for naming Zayandehrood is that this river develops and nurtures many villages, gardens, and farms along its route, and the bed of this river gives birth to water from its source to the estuary, and that is why it is named Zayandehrood. This river has long been called Zayandehrud, Zandehrud, Zandrud, Zarrinrud, Zarrinehrud, Zarrnrud and Zandakrud. Zayande in Farsi means a mother full of fertility and Rood means River. So Zayanderood means; the fertilities River.

 

Anthropology:

Zayandehrood is associated with various tribes and clans along its route. Around the Khorsnak River, which was one of the branches of Zayandeh, the Chaharlang Bakhtiari clan, and around the Zarrin River, the famous clan of Haft Lang Bakhtiari lives. Around Jananehrud in the past, settlements that are not traced today have become the place of cultivation of Bakhtiari tribes. Also, the continuation of Zayandehrood to Gavkhooni swamp, different tribes with different customs live along this river. If all of which are to be discussed; it can be several volumes of books. 

 

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