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The legacy of one traditional house in Isfahan

The legacy of one traditional house in Isfahan

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Mohammad Jafar Kazerouni

Mohammad Jafar Kazerouni was born in Isfahan in 1280. He entered the business world as a child by working in his father's shop. He was 24 years old at the time of the operation of the homeland factory (Vatan factory).

He started the management of the factory in the years 1311-1302 alongside of his father. After his father's death, he used his wealth of family and the family credit (his wife was a descendant of the Zele sultan) to provide the experience and connection to the influential social groups that provided the platform for his business development. In 1314, the descendants of Hajkaka succeeded in registering their second textile factory in Isfahan, No. 63, with a capital of about three million and 53 thousand riyals per year. With this wealth he built two luxury hotels in Iran and a number of luxury house accommodation in Iran.

"The chairman of the board were, Mohammad Kazerouni and its members were Mohammad Jafar, Zein al-Abedin Amin, Sayed Abdul Rahim Mahmoudieh and Haj Mohammad Karim Samsar. Its annual output was seven million and 500,000 meters of cotton and synthetic fibers per year.”

This was while the Vatan factory was still active and in 1319 its capital amounted to 19 million rials and it was bought and installed by a yarn factory in England to produce fasteners and blankets for the production of military clothing, schools and The general public.

Factory No. 63 gradually increased the number of its knitting machines and personnel, but due to technical constraints, a shortage of skilled manpower and a lack of demand could not produce much. As a result, in 1335, for some time the financial problems of its activity ceased. Although the industry support committee allocated 20 million riyals in its third plan, the current financial crisis continued and the factory was closed. In 1342, a government delegation was required to allocate half of the cost of selling the product to pay arrears and half to purchase raw materials. This story has been used in some drawing in Old Iranian houses or in some traditional houses in Iran.

Kazeroni bought a garment factory from England near the homeland and installed it his factory. However, disagreement between the National Bank authorities and the factory's responsibility for managing the plant's debt was transferred to the Ministry of Economy. since 1344 the Industrial Support Board become active with a management committee composed of engineer Sahabi, Haeri Zadeh, a shareholder and with the role of engineer Attaullah Shahab under the supervision of the National Bank. The factory had a capital of about 200 million rials income in mid-1350.

During this time the Vatan factory continued to develop and in mid-1346 was the third factory producing wool and blanket in the country. Although it was closed for 15 days due to financial problems in 1348, with the repayment of its debt by the bank, it continued to operate with bank and factory capital and was managed by the Bank of Iran and Iranian Mineral Development Bank. The employees of these companies used to have a nice stay in Isfahan in Isfahan traditional house.

Finally, the Vatan factory was run by Zulfiqari and Risbaf under Arefpour's management of industries such as Zayandehrood's factories. The factory was sold in 1352 by territorial segregation and Zayandehrood and Farshbaf were moved out of the city. Sobhani became a member of the board of directors in the Caserooni family.

Experts believe that the successive setbacks came about because of "a traditional view of the industry and no abasement in the management of industrial units". Vatan factory had about 250 staff in the weaving sector in 2010 and was owned by Mellat Bank's investment department.

But if we consider the Kaserouni family as only one of the most important economic entrepreneurs in Isfahan in the last century, we should not overlook the importance of the role of economic actors in the evolution of society. They came to work with the risk of making less profit; at a time when fewer dared to deal with foreign goods, they began to invest in supporting national production.

It is noteworthy that the family took possession of many lands, especially around the streets of Chahar Baq and Shah square in Isfahan, many of which came from the legendary heritage of Haj kaka.

There is no recorded history of the descendants of Hajkaka now, except we know that besides Hajkaka who became a member of the Chamber of Commerce in 1310, his children Mohammad and Amin Kazerouni became members of the Isfahan Chamber of Commerce in 1323.


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