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Three major actions of an important house in old Isfahan

Three major actions of an important house in old Isfahan

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Kazerounis were an old and successful family in Isfahan. This old house in Isfahan, always tried to develop Isfahan and its economy. Many meeting were hold in their traditional luxury house in Isfahan. From all over the country politicians and rich families gather in order to find best road map for Iranian economy. In following we will bring an example for you.

It is noteworthy that in a gathering attended by two thousand scholars, merchants and elders of Isfahan in Kazerouni’s garden in 1286, after the speech of Haj Agha Nourafi Najafi Esfahani, all the attendants of the Quran stamped and swore not to use foreign clothing. However, the company which they started in fabric field; failed to achieve much success in the business arena due to the government's failure to cooperate with its shareholders, the inappropriate payment of equity by shareholders, the lack of regular dividend payments, the existence of competing companies and internal conflicts of business class, and the lack of knowledgeable textile experts created some problems.

Kazerounie's next big step in the field of domestic production support was when he set up the “Isfahan Chamber of Commerce" in collaboration with other businessmen. The company, the first post-constitutional manufacturing company, was formed to "promote patriotism and eliminate foreign need and develop public goods."

The first meeting was held at the home of Sayed Hassan Bonakdar, and the founders of the company, including Kazerouni and Mr. Nourollah Najafi, emphasized the use of Iranian furniture and Iranian interior design in their traditional houses in Isfahan. Slowly, the company's production grew to such an extent that, in celebration of the first anniversary of the constitution, a shop called "Okhovat (Brotherhood)" was set up to sell home textiles in the presence of Haj Agha Noorullah and Kazerouni.

But Kazerouni was not alone in the business. He was one of the few businessmen to enter the political arena. He joined the constitutionalists at the same time as the constitutional movement. In support of the constitutionalists of Isfahan, Kazerouni established the Provincial Association of Isfahan in cooperation with Seyed Hassan Modarres and Mirza habibullah Amin al-Tajar. In this way, he largely financed the Isfahan constitutional movement and, after the constitution, played an active role in the plan to establish the National Bank of Iran in the first parliament. Thus, in Esfahan, meetings of supporters of the bank's founding were held in the Kazerouni Garden or in a luxury hotel In Iran and a luxury hostel in Isfahan were hosted these men.

Mohammad Hussein Kazerouni's last vigorous presence in the field of economic entrepreneurship in Isfahan was when he, in 1302, worked as a trading partner with the donor company in the establishment of the "Vatan (Homeland Factory)". It was the first modern spinning and weaving factory in Isfahan. The initial investment of the plant was 9,400,000 Rials and was put into operation near the Khaju Bridge. In its first year of operation, the factory produced 12,000 knitting machines and produced 70,000 meters daily with 150 employees. It should be noted that all the machines of this factory were imported from Germany.

With the dispute between Dahesh and Kazerouni, the disagreement was returned to the Commercial Court of Hajj Mohammad Hussein Amin al-Darb, Islamiyah, Modarres and Ayram. During the meeting, held at Reza Khan's traditional home in Iran, it was decided that the founder sells his stock to Kazerouni. Later, to solve the problem of financing, the army ordered the factory to supply 300,000 Tomans worth of fabric. 

During the first Pahlavi era, the factory was in the focus of the government in promoting Iranian textiles and enjoyed government support in obtaining loans to expand its activities. Gradually, factory equipment increased to 400 spindles and 100 machines with a capacity of 500,000 meters of fabric per year. In the spinning section, several types of yarn were provided for carpeting and weaving, and the 1500m woolen section was made with new dyeing principles.

In 1286, Kazerouni organized a meeting in his garden to consolidate the position of merchants within the framework of civil society, which led to the establishment of the Isfahan Chamber of Commerce or Association of Businessmen, along with 11 other merchants. At that meeting, he made a proposal to set up a paper mill. The forum provided the foundations for the first "Isfahan Chamber of Commerce".

Thus, the Official Isfahan chamber of commerce were founded in 1310 with Kazerouni Haj Sa'id Abdul Karim Mahmoudiyah, Hajmir Mir Hassan Etemad Taljar, Haj Abdul Ali Fayez, Hajmir Mir Hassan Etemad Taljar, Hajir Mirza Agha Moeinjam, Mirzah Hasan Sultani, Mirzah Hasan Sultani.

Finally, this great man died in Isfahan after 65 years of economic activity in Bushehr and Isfahan. At first he was buried in the Takhte Foulad Cemetery, and 12 years later according to his will, his bones were transferred to Najaf for burial and placed in one of the noble courtyards. But with his death, the heart of the homeland factory (Vatan or Mihan factory), did not failed to move forward and the heirs of the Kazerouni family tried to develop it.


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