Trip To Isfahan | Travel Guide

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An introduction to Isfahan

An introduction to Isfahan

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Isfahan has been a convenient place for human habitation since pre-Islamic times, and perhaps even before the emergence of important civilizations in Iran. The current city of Isfahan is located in an area similar to a plain, meaning that the land is flanked by high mountains and a steady stream of water,

such as the Zayandehrood River, flows through the city, so it can be assumed that these areas have been a good place to live for centuries.

 Isfahan Has been an important and suitable place for agriculture and urbanization. As we know, traces of urban civilization from the Sassanid era still exist in Isfahan. According to historians such as Hamzeh Isfahani, the city of Isfahan seems to have been a convenient location for gathering Persian troops and troops from Fars and Kerman, precisely in the center of the Iranian plateau, before heading off to the border. Iranians would gather in this area. Hamzeh Isfahani also mentioned the reason for the name of Isfahan and called the old name of the city as Sepahan. Sepahan means the place where the army was gathered to get ready for war. Other names have been used for the city of Isfahan in the past, the most famous of which is ‘Jey’ or ‘Moarab gay’.

One of the best sources for studying the history of ancient Isfahan is the Isfahan Jame Mosque located in Sabzehmeydan Square. Like old house accommodation in Iran; this mosque is one of the most important structures of Isfahan which has grown over many centuries and has been added to it. Some even believe that it was the Zoroastrian pre-Islamic temple which were used to set fire, in other words, this temple became one of the most important mosques in Isfahan after Islam.

So far, we have come to realize that ancient Isfahan has a long history with clear evidence of Sassanid times. The remains of the Sassanid era in Isfahan are the historical bridge of the city and the Atashgah. Although there are no house residences in Isfahan which dates back to more than two thousand years ago; there is Kianpour boutique hotel in Isfahan which dates back to Qajar era. It is not just a normal family house anymore but it is a number one luxury hotel in Iran nowadays.

Traditional dishes

There are many traditional foods used in Isfahan, some of which belong to other cities of Isfahan, or are prevalent in other prominences of Iran. ‘Kebab’, ‘grilled (Beryoon)’ and ‘Khoresht Mast’ are among the most popular dishes in Isfahan. Other dishes in this city include:  Ash Samagh, Kale Jush which is a food of Isfahan tribes, Kalegonjishki, sweet smashed potato (Koko Ghandi), Qeymeh Rizeh, Ash Mash and Qomri, Yakhme Torsh, bean and vinegar Ash, Oumaj vinegar and beetroot Ash and Nokhodab.


In February 2006, after Dr. Shahin Sepanta's suggestion to select an Isfahan Day, some Isfahan NGOs welcomed the proposal, an attempt which was made to select an Isfahan Day. In April of this year, following a call for a "Named for Isfahan Day", the day of "November 22th" was chosen and approved by more than 30 Isfahan scholars. Each year as "Isfahan Day" and on the recommendation of Dr. Lotfollah. Honarfar (in the book of “the Introduction to the Historical City of Isfahan”, by Golha Publisher, Isfahan, 1997, p. 164) chose the embossed historical icon on the tiles of Isfahan's Gheisariyeh backdrop grand bazzar, designed by the constellation of the Arch Tower (November), as the symbol of Isfahan. The reason for their selection was based on the historical documentation of the horoscope of Isfahan that suggested Isfahan became a city in November.

Since that year, Isfahan NGOs and student organizations of Isfahan Universities have been celebrating first of Azard (November 22th) as Isfahan Day and Isfahan Week from November 22th to 28th each year. Isfahan Lovers Association has chosen the slogan "Isfahan Forever, For All" as a common cause of all Isfahan lovers that is displayed on Isfahan Day posters.

Some also consider April 3rd as Sheikh Baha'i's birthday as Isfahan’s Day, while he was born on the February, however, the April 3rd is considered as Sheikh Baha'i Day on the official calendar of Iran. This day is called National Entrepreneurship Day in Iran.


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